The Pensylvania State University

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Let's summarize:

FERPA defines students' rights regarding their education records.

Under FERPA, colleges must not release education records—except under certain circumstances—without prior written consent from the student.

FERPA permits disclosure of a student's education record without the student's consent to University officials having a legitimate educational interest in the record.

FERPA permits (but does not require) public disclosure of directory information without the student's consent unless the student has requested that directory information be withheld.