All Credit Transcript Key - Undergraduate, Graduate, Law, and Medical

Release of Information

In compliance with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, this information is released on the condition that the recipient "will not permit any other party to have access to such information without the written consent of the student."

Official Paper Document

"Penn State" appears in small print on a blue background across the entire face of the official transcript which is printed with security ink. The official transcript bears the seal of Penn State and the signature of the University Registrar. The raised University seal is not required.

Official Electronic Document

An electronic signature and certification appears before you open the PDF transcript, and also on the front page of the transcript. The Statement of Authenticity bears the name of the University Registrar.

Accreditation

The Pennsylvania State University, whose prime purpose has always been to serve the people and the interests of the Commonwealth and the Nation, is accredited by the Middle States Association and is a member of the Association of American Universities.

Each of the Penn State Dickinson Schools of Law is on the approved list of the American Bar Association and is a member of the Association of American Law Schools.

Institutional Code

The institutional code for The Pennsylvania State University is 003329.

Language of Instruction

Penn State courses are taught in English with the exception of some global language courses.

Credits and Hours

Credits are awarded on the semester-hour basis. According to Senate Policy 42-23, a total of at least forty-five hours of work planned and arranged by the University faculty is required for the average student to gain one credit. While the distribution of time varies from course to course, generally one-third of the time is devoted to formal instruction, such as lecture, recitation, laboratory, field trips, etc., and two-thirds of the time to outside preparation.

Course-Numbering System

UNDERGRADUATE COURSES (1 to 399); General courses accepted in fulfillment of requirements for the baccalaureate or associate degree.

ASSOCIATE DEGREE COURSES (800 to 899 and 800 level); Prior to spring semester 2003, these were general courses accepted in fulfillment of requirements for the associate degree. Credits received for 800-series associate courses may be applicable to a particular baccalaureate degree program at the discretion of the appropriate college and major department.

Course Suffixes

Letters are frequently used following a course or section number.

The letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, and K appear after certain courses where the course content or title differs from the basic course description. They are frequently used for identifying unique titles for special topics courses (i.e., 297, 497, and 597).

Summary of the course suffixes used for undergraduate courses
Symbol Meaning
H Honors courses or sections
J Individualized instruction courses
M Honors and writing intensive courses
S First-Year Seminar courses
T First-Year Seminar with honors
U United States Cultures and International Cultures, and honors
V United States Cultures and International Cultures
W Writing intensive courses
X First-Year Seminar courses and writing intensive
Y United States Cultures and International Cultures, and writing intensive courses
L, P, R Lecture, Practicum (or laboratory), and Recitation sections

Basis for Grades

Grades shall be assigned to individual students on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below.

Spring 2020 Semester

During the spring 2020 semester, a global pandemic resulting from the 2019 Novel-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and associated COVID-19 disease outbreak required changes to course delivery that may have affected student enrollment, learning, and grading. As a result, students were given the choice of alternative grading.

Alternative Grading Key

Spring 2020 alternative grading key used as part of the undergraduate grading system
Grade Meaning
SAT Equivalent to a C or Better Grade
V Equivalent to a D Grade
Z Equivalent to an F Grade
XZ Equivalent to an XF Grade

Other Symbols

Spring 2020 grade symbols used as part of the undergraduate grading system
Symbol Meaning
UC Unable to Complete Course Due to COVID-19 Circumstances

Grading System

For undergraduate students, the grades of A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, D, and F indicate a gradation in quality from Excellent to Failure and are assigned the following grade-point equivalents:

Summary of the undergraduate grading system
Grade Grade-Point Equivalent
A 4.00
A- 3.67
B+ 3.33
B 3.00
B- 2.67
C+ 2.33
C 2.00
D 1.00
F 0

Incomplete Grade Symbols

Incomplete grade symbols used as part of the undergraduate grading System
Symbol Meaning
NG No Grade Reported
DF Deferred

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the undergraduate grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
PS Pass
AU Audit
AUS Audit, Attended Regularly
AUU Audit, Did Not Attend Regularly
R Research
SA Satisfactory
W Withdrawal
S Proficiency Exam Passed
FL Fail
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
LD Late Drop, No Grade
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
UN Unsatisfactory
INCP & I Incomplete Average
NCP Pass, Course Carries No Credit
NCF Fail, Course Carries No Credit
NDC Not Degree Credit
CRX Credit by Examination

Method of Calculation of Grade Points

The number of grade points obtained by a student in any course shall be computed by multiplying the number of credits in the course by the grade-point equivalent of the grade in the course. Courses taken under the satisfactory/unsatisfactory grading system are not used in computing grade points.

Example: History 020, three credits, grade B, produces nine grade points; and Mathematics 021, three credits, grade F, produces zero grade points.

Credits and Hours

Credits are awarded on the semester-hour basis. According to Senate Policy 42-23, a total of at least forty hours of work planned and arranged by the University faculty is required for the average student to gain one credit. While the distribution of time varies from course to course, generally one-third of the time is devoted to formal instruction, such as lecture, recitation, laboratory, field trips, etc., and two-thirds of the time to outside preparation.

Course-Numbering System

GRADUATE COURSES (500 to 699 and 800 level); Courses restricted to students registered in The Graduate School, seniors with an average of at least 3.50, and other students who have been granted permission to enroll by the dean of The Graduate School. The numbers 600 (on campus) and 610 (off campus) are available for credit in thesis research in all graduate major programs. The numbers 601 and 611 do not denote conventional courses but are used for non-credit special registration for thesis preparation by a Ph.D. candidate. Beginning fall semester 2006, 800 level courses on a graduate transcript are professional graduate level courses.

ADVANCED UNDERGRADUATE COURSES (400 to 499); Courses open to graduate students, juniors, seniors, and with the special written permission of the head of the department or chairperson of the program sponsoring the course, to qualified sophomores and first-year students. 400 level course work appearing on a graduate student transcript is applied toward the graduate degree.

Course Suffixes

Letters are frequently used following a course or section number.

The letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, and K appear after certain courses where the course content or title differs from the basic course description. They are frequently used for identifying unique titles for special topics courses (i.e., 297, 497, and 597).

Summary of the course suffixes used for graduate courses
Symbol Meaning
H Honors courses or sections
J Individualized instruction courses
M Honors and writing intensive courses
S First-Year Seminar courses
T First-Year Seminar with honors
U United States Cultures and International Cultures, and honors
V United States Cultures and International Cultures
W Writing intensive courses
X First-Year Seminar courses and writing intensive
Y United States Cultures and International Cultures, and writing intensive courses
L, P, R Lecture, Practicum (or laboratory), and Recitation sections

Basis for Grades

Grades shall be assigned to individual students on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below.

Spring 2020 Semester

During the spring 2020 semester, a global pandemic resulting from the 2019 Novel-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and associated COVID-19 disease outbreak required changes to course delivery that may have affected student enrollment, learning, and grading. As a result, students were given the choice of alternative grading.

Alternative Grading Key

Spring 2020 alternative grading key used as part of the graduate grading system
Grade Meaning
P Equivalent to a C or Better Grade
V Equivalent to a D Grade
Z Equivalent to an F Grade

Other Symbols

Spring 2020 grade symbols used as part of the graduate grading System
Grade Meaning
UC Unable to Complete Course Due to COVID-19 Circumstances

Grading System

For graduate students, the grades of A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, D, and F indicate a gradation in quality from Excellent to Failure and are assigned the following grade-point equivalents:

Summary of the graduate grading system
Grade Grade-Point Equivalent
A 4.00
A- 3.67
B+ 3.33
B 3.00
B- 2.67
C+ 2.33
C 2.00
D 1.00
F 0

Graduate average computed on the basis of earned grades in 400-, 500-, 600-, and 800- level courses.

D, F - failing grades for graduate students

Plus and minus values were added to the undergraduate grading system fall semester 1987, to The Graduate School system in fall semester 1995. Student is in good standing unless stated otherwise.

Incomplete Grade Symbols

Incomplete grade symbols used as part of the graduate grading system
Symbol Meaning
NG No Grade Reported
DF Deferred

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the graduate grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
PS Pass
AU Audit
AUS Audit, Attended Regularly
AUU Audit, Did Not Attend Regularly
R Research
SA Satisfactory
W Withdrawal
S Proficiency Exam Passed
FL Fail
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
LD Late Drop, No Grade
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
UN Unsatisfactory
INCP & I Incomplete Average
NDC Not Degree Credit
CRX Credit by Examination

Method of Calculation of Grade Points

The number of grade points obtained by a student in any course shall be computed by multiplying the number of credits in the course by the grade-point equivalent of the grade in the course. Courses taken under the satisfactory/unsatisfactory grading system are not used in computing grade points.

Example: History 20, three credits, grade B, produces nine grade points; and Mathematics 21, three credits, grade F, produces zero grade points.

Unit of Credit

The unit of credit is the semester hour. A semester hour of credit represents course work involving one 50-minute classroom hour per week over a period of 14 weeks.

Course-Numbering System

Courses in the 900 to 999 series are restricted to students enrolled in the J.D. and LL.M. programs and others receiving special permission.

Non-900 level courses appearing on the transcript are not calculated into the semester or cumulative grade-point average or class rank.

Class Ranking

Semester and cumulative ranking information appears on the transcript. Details regarding the ranking process are found on each of the law school's websites.

Course Suffixes

Letters are frequently used following a course or section number.

The letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, K, M, N, Q, S, T, X, and Z appear after certain courses for which a basic course description encompasses multiple course titles.

Basis for Grades

For the Master of Laws (LL.M.) program, the grades A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, and F indicate a gradation in quality from Excellent to Failure. Effective fall semester 2012, the Master of Laws grading scale eliminated grades A+, C-, and D+ and follows the Juris Doctor grade scale below.

Grades are assigned to Juris Doctor candidates on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below.

Before Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the law grading system prior to fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
75-84 Good
70-74 Qualified
65-69 Poor
Below 65 Fail (No credit)

Effective Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the law grading system effective fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
80-84 Good
75-79 Satisfactory
70-74 Passing
65-69 Conditional Failure
Below 65 Failure (No credit)

Effective Summer Semester 2005

Summary of the law grading system effective summer semester 2005
Grade Gradation
A Distinguished
A- Excellent
B+ Superior
B Very Good
B- Good
C+ Satisfactory
C Passing
D Poor
F Failure (No credit)

Incomplete Grade Symbols

Incomplete grade symbols used as part of the law grading system
Symbol Meaning
NG No Grade Reported
DF Deferred

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the law grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
AU Audit
R Research
W Withdrawal
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
INCP & I Incomplete Average
LD Late Drop
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
NC Non-Credit
CR Credit

Unit of Credit

The unit of credit is the semester hour. A semester hour of credit represents course work involving one 50-minute classroom hour per week over a period of 14 weeks.

Course-Numbering System

Courses in the 900 to 999 series are restricted to students enrolled in the J.D. and LL.M. programs and others receiving special permission.

Non-900 level courses appearing on the transcript are not calculated into the semester or cumulative grade-point average or class rank.

Class Ranking

Semester and cumulative ranking information appears on the transcript. Details regarding the ranking process are found on each of the law school’s websites.

Course Suffixes

Letters are frequently used following a course or section number.

The letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, K, M, N, Q, S, T, X, and Z appear after certain courses for which a basic course description encompasses multiple course titles.

Spring 2020 Semester

During the spring 2020 semester, a global pandemic resulting from the 2019 Novel-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and associated COVID-19 disease outbreak required changes to course delivery that may have affected student enrollment, learning, and grading. As a result, courses display a CR/NC rather than a letter grade. A CR is credit earned and an NC is no credit earned.

For courses that have a graduation requirement of earning a grade of "C" or better (experiential courses, seminars that satisfy the upper-level writing requirement, and professional responsibility), a "CR" grade satisfies the graduation requirement. Students will receive a grade of "NC" only if they would have received an "F" for a course.

Basis for Grades

Grades are assigned to Juris Doctor candidates on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below. Effective fall semester 2012, the Master of Laws grading scale eliminated grades A+, C-, and D+ and follows the Juris Doctor grade scale below.

Before Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the Dickinson Law grading system prior to fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
75-84 Good
70-74 Qualified
65-69 Poor
Below 65 Fail (No credit)

Effective Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the Dickinson Law grading system effective fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
80-84 Good
75-79 Satisfactory
70-74 Passing
65-69 Conditional Failure
Below 65 Failure (No credit)

Effective Summer Semester 2005

Summary of the Dickinson Law grading system effective summer semester 2005
Grade Gradation
A Distinguished
A- Excellent
B+ Superior
B Very Good
B- Good
C+ Satisfactory
C Passing
D Conditional Failure
F Failure (No credit)

Incomplete Grade Symbols

Incomplete grade symbols used as part of the Dickinson Law grading system
Symbol Meaning
NG No Grade Reported
DF Deferred

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the Dickinson Law grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
AU Audit
R Research
W Withdrawal
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
INCP & I Incomplete Average
LD Late Drop
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
NC Non-Credit
CR Credit
H Honors
HP High Pass
LP Low Pass

Dickinson Law LL.M. students are evaluated separately from J.D. students, according to the following grading standards and scale:

Summary of the Dickinson Law grading system for LL.M. students effective fall semester 2015
Grade Gradation
A Excellent
A- Superior
B+ Very Good
B Good
B- Satisfactory
C+ Passing
C Poor
D Conditional Failure
F Failure

Unit of Credit

The unit of credit is the semester hour. A semester hour of credit represents course work involving one 50-minute classroom hour per week over a period of 14 weeks.

Course-Numbering System

Courses in the 900 to 999 series are restricted to students enrolled in the J.D. and LL.M. programs and others receiving special permission.

Non-900 level courses appearing on the transcript are not calculated into the semester or cumulative grade-point average or class rank.

Class Ranking

Semester and cumulative ranking information appears on the transcript. Details regarding the ranking process are found on each of the law school’s websites.

Course Suffixes

Letters are frequently used following a course or section number.

The letters A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, K, M, N, Q, S, T, X, and Z appear after certain courses for which a basic course description encompasses multiple course titles.

Spring 2020 Semester

During the spring 2020 semester, a global pandemic resulting from the 2019 Novel-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and associated COVID-19 disease outbreak required changes to course delivery that may have affected student enrollment, learning, and grading. As a result, courses display a CR/NC rather than a letter grade. A CR is credit earned and an NC is no credit earned.

For courses that have a graduation requirement of earning a grade of "C" or better (experiential courses, seminars that satisfy the upper-level writing requirement, and professional responsibility), a "CR" grade satisfies the graduation requirement. Students will receive a grade of "NC" only if they would have received an "F" for a course.

Basis for Grades

For the Master of Laws (LL.M.) program, the grades A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, and F indicate a gradation in quality from Excellent to Failure. Effective fall semester 2012, the Master of Laws grading scale eliminated grades A+, C-, and D+ and follows the Juris Doctor grade scale below.

Grades are assigned to Juris Doctor candidates on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below.

Before Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the Penn State Law grading system prior to fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
75-84 Good
70-74 Qualified
65-69 Poor
Below 65 Fail (No credit)

Effective Fall Semester 2000

Summary of the Penn State Law grading system effective fall semester 2000
Grade Gradation
90 and above Distinguished
85-89 Excellent
80-84 Good
75-79 Satisfactory
70-74 Passing
65-69 Conditional Failure
Below 65 Failure (No credit)

Effective Summer Semester 2005

Summary of the Penn State Law grading system effective summer semester 2005
Grade Gradation
A Distinguished
A- Excellent
B+ Superior
B Very Good
B- Good
C+ Satisfactory
C Passing
D Poor
F Failure (No credit)

Incomplete Grade Symbols

Incomplete grade symbols used as part of the Penn State Law grading system
Symbol Meaning
NG No Grade Reported
DF Deferred

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the Penn State Law grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
AU Audit
R Research
W Withdrawal
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
INCP & I Incomplete Average
LD Late Drop
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
NC Non-Credit
CR Credit

Credits and Hours

Credits are awarded on the semester-hour basis. According to Senate Policy 42-23, a total of at least forty hours of work planned and arranged by the University faculty is required for the average student to gain one credit. While the distribution of time varies from course to course, generally one-third of the time is devoted to formal instruction, such as lecture, recitation, laboratory, field trips, etc., and two-thirds of the time to outside preparation.

MEDICAL COLLEGE COURSES (700 to 799); Courses in the 700 to 799 series are restricted to students working in the M.D. program.

Basis for Grades

Grades shall be assigned to individual students on the basis of the instructor's judgment of the student's scholastic achievement using the grading system below.

Grading System

Summary of the Medical Grading System
Grade Meaning
H Honors
HP High Pass
P Pass
LP Low Pass
F Fail

Other Symbols

Other grade symbols used as part of the medical grading system
Symbol Meaning
P Pass
PS Pass
AU Audit
R Research
W Withdrawal
SA Satisfactory
NDC Not Degree Credit
S Proficiency Exam Passed
FL Fail
XF Fail, Academic Dishonesty
WP Late Drop Passing
WF Late Drop Failing
WN Late Drop No Grade
UN Unsatisfactory
INCP & I Incomplete Average
CRX Credit by Examination